Dealing with returning to school after the holidays is not easy. Here are some tips to avoid anxiety, stress and sleep disturbances related to the return syndrome.


A new school year is just around the corner and after months of vacation, children and young people have to face the return to school and get used to the daily routineagain. However, the so-called “back to school” can be a source of stress and anxiety, even causing mood swings, eating and sleeping disorders.

The most common symptoms of returning to school malaise

Nervousnesslack of hunger or, on the contrary, nervous hunger, are the most evident symptoms of anxiety associated with the end of the summer vacation. Lack of sleep, due to an altered sleep-wake rhythm during the holidays, can also have repercussions in the long run: being distracted, learning difficulties, daytime sleepiness, anxiety and negativity. The Italian Society of Paediatrics (SIP) estimates that one in four children under 5 years of age suffers from sleep-related disorders, while if you consider the age group of 6-18 years the average is one in ten.

How many hours of sleep does a child need?

The link between health and rest, together with proper nutrition and regular physical activity, is now widely recognised. A child between the ages of 3 and 5 years should indicatively sleep about 11-13 hours, while during school age between 6 and 10 years the recommended hours of sleep are about 10 and in the 11-13 age group are 8-9.
But if children and young people are used to falling asleep later during the holidays and getting out of bed in their own time, it can be difficult to impose a sudden change in the daily rhythm. It would therefore be better to re-establish the right routine a little earlier than when you returned to school.

Tips for getting back into the right sleep rhythm to deal with the return to school

  • Bring forward the awakening time and the time of bed gradually: start a week before returning to school to re-establish the usual daily hours, beginning to bring forward day after day not only the alarm clock, but also the time by which to go to bed in the evening.
  • Keep children and young people active during the day: playing outdoors and practicing sports is a great way to promote nightly rest. In addition, physical activity helps to counteract anxiety, irritability and nervousness.
  • Avoid distracting children with television, mobile phones or video games late at night: these activities do not promote proper night’s rest because they can cause excessive excitement or agitation just before falling asleep.
  • If necessary, we help children and young people to face the return to school and to resume the right pace with a completely natural solutionLactozepamis, for example, a nutritional supplement based on Lactium (hydrolysed milk proteins) and Vitamin E. Available in three formulations (oral, chewable and tablet), it naturally helps to combat anxiety and sleep disorders.

Holidays are a unique opportunity to live new experiences and enjoy time with our children outside of everyday life. Without organization, however, a trip with children can become a source of stress and anxiety..

The pedagogical function of travel

It is not only parents who need a holiday every now and then, but also for young ones it is important to be able to begin to discover the world. A trip is above all an opportunity to learn: thanks to holidays, children and young people have the opportunity to escape from the routine, face new challenges (whether small or large) and begin to discover the outside world . This translates into the stimulus to face new and unexpected situations without fear and, therefore, into a moment of personal growth. In addition, a holiday is an opportunity for the child to learn how to establish social relationships outside of their inner circle of friends.

A trip with one’s children is also an important moment for mum and dad because, beyond the organizational stress, holidays help create unforgettable memories, which strengthen family ties and can help adults rediscover the world through the eyes and curiosity of children.

Travelling with children: organisation is essential

trip with children is wonderful, but it can be a stressful and tiring moment without proper planning. The keyword is organization.

Whether you have decided to travel by car, train, plane or ship, it is important not to exaggerate with your luggage. When we prepare our suitcases, it seems to us that everything is strictly necessary, but in reality many things can be purchased once arrived. A couple of days’ supply of nappies and wipes, for example, will be enough to allow you to leave in peace and get organised once you arrive. If your children are older, a good solution is to make them responsible for their suitcase. Equip them with a small trolley with wheels that they can prepare themselves under your supervision: children will learn to be more autonomous little by little and you mothers will have one less thought.

Entertainment during the trip: how to avoid boredom and whims

You’ve prepared everything and you’ve finally managed to leave. After five minutes of travel, it is very likely that the children will start to ask how long it is until they arrive or begin to have a tantrum. So you plan to distract themby keeping their favorite game at hand, a coloring album or a CD of songs to sing together. In case your children are still very young, consider the idea of travelling at night: for parents it is certainly more tiring, but they can sleep and you will travel quietly (avoiding the risk of traffic).

With a few tricks you can get to your destination without too much stress, ready to have fun and enjoy your well-deserved trip with the children.

On Monday 25 June, the first refresher conference on paediatric nutrition was held in Milan, organized by Junia Pharma in collaboration with San Paolo Hospital.

The talks, coordinated by Prof. Giuseppe Banderali, Head of Paediatrics at San Paolo Hospital in Milan and member of the board of directors of the Italian Society of Paediatrics (Sip), had as their main focus the nutritional aspects of goats’ milk formula, compared to other types of powdered formulas, whether containing cows’ milk or plant-based.

The conference opened with an interesting study on nutrition and allergy, led by Dr. Federica Betti and Marzia Mandelli part of the San Paolo pediatric team, who addressed the issue of food allergies and highlighted how goats’ milk is a product that, compared to other formulations on the market, is more digestible and tolerable, although it is not to be considered as a substitute in cases of allergy to milk proteins.

The second talk, by Dr. Samuele Palazzo, focused in greater depth on thenutritional aspects and indications for the use of goats’ milk: various studies have shown that goats’ milk is suitable as a source of protein for infant formulas and follow-on formulas, as it contains all the nutrients necessary for the growth of the newborn.

The final talk by Dr. Germano Tarantino, Scientific Director of Junia Pharma, then clarified the characteristics and details associated with use of formulas containing whole goats’ milk Capricare 2 as follow-on milk clearly where the paediatrician considers it necessary for the health of the child or in cases where there are conditions that prevent the continuation of breastfeeding, which as highlighted during the conference, remains always the best solution for both the child and the mother

The meeting aroused considerable interest from paediatric experts, who were already partly familiar with the numerous properties of goats’ milk, but now, thanks to Junia Pharma, exclusive importer for Italy of Capricare 2, for the first time can rely on a product of the highest quality in the field of infant formula milk.

After the success of the meeting in Milan, now the goal of Junia Pharma is to replicate this series of meetings with medical specialists in other areas of Italy.