Although in other countries such as Australia and New Zealand they have been known for more than 20 years, goats’ milk-based infant formulas have only recently been introduced to the Italian market. Also due to a not particularly extensive scientific bibliography, theproperties of goats’ milk in the paediatric context are still little known to the general public.

A new alternative for the infant formula market

The September issue of the scientific journal Mondo Pediatrico saw publication of the article entitled “All about goats’ milk as a basis for infant formulas”, written by Prof. Andrea Vania, Head of the Centre for Dietetics and Paediatric Nutrition of the University of Rome Sapienza, in collaboration with Dr. Roberta Mercurio, specialist in Food Science of La Sapienza. The article aims to investigate the nutritional characteristics of goats’ milk, comparing it with cows’ and mother’s milk.

Based on the assumption that breastfeeding remains the best source of nutrition for infants, EFSA (the European Food Safety Authority) considers goats’ milk as an adequate source of protein for the preparation of infant formulas, whether they are starter, follow-on, or growing-up formulas.

Differences between goats’ milk and cows’ milk

The main part of the article is dedicated to the comparison between goats’ milk and cows’ milk. In terms of protein composition, goats’ milk has a higher concentration of proteins. The high lactose content promotes the absorption of calcium, phosphate, magnesium and vitamin D. Moreover, thanks to its oligosaccharide content, the prebiotic activity of goats’ milk is more similar to that of breast milk.
Another fundamental aspect that human and goats’ milk have in common is the mode of secretion: indeed apocrine secretion releases nucleotides and free amino acids, which are scarce in cows’ milk.

The advantages of goats’ milk formulas

It being understood that in no case can fresh goats’ milk or cows’ milk be administered to children under 12 months of age, goats’ milk formulas are more easily digestible than cows’ milk formulas. Thanks to the greater presence of β-casein and a lower concentration of αs1-casein, the digestion of goats’ milk is in fact comparable to that of human milk. The taste is also particularly appreciated by children, which is why compliance is also higher, if you take into account a period of continuous intake.

From the analysis of Prof. Vania it emerges that formulas based on goats’ milk can be a valid alternative to traditional ones, in case there is a real impossibility to breastfeed, which – we will never tire of repeating – remains undoubtedly the best choice. Goats’ milk formula is a new solution , especially in cases where the newborn baby rejects other types of milk, or in cases of digestive difficulties or constipation problems.

Last week two new seminars took place on the importance of the supplementation with iron in pediatric age, which involved theHospital Santo Bambino of Catania and the Policlinico “G. Martino” of Messina.

The need for prophylaxis with iron supplementation in the paediatric age

The first meeting was held in Catania on Tuesday 20 November and involved doctors from the Department of Neonatology and theNeonatal Intensive Care Unit. As part of the course “Anaemia in the newborn: from diagnosis to therapy” , Prof. Giovanna Russo, director of the Department of Paediatric Oncohaematology at the Policlinico di Catania, was involved in the role of moderator.
Specifically, the discussion focused on theimportance of iron in the paediatric age: starting from the problems related to absorption, the need for prophylactic supplementation emerged clearly, not only in the case of premature babies, but also in term births. This from a perspective of prevention of nutritional iron deficiency and greater attention to the development of the cognitive system, in which iron plays a fundamental role. Participating physicians also stressed the importance of avoiding the risks associated with intravenous administration of iron, preferring the use of iron for oral use, especially in pediatric age.

Supplementing iron in pediatric age: a real emergency in the case of kidney or blood diseases

The same results emerged following a meeting held in Messina on Wednesday 21 November, which was attended by doctors from the Department of Pediatric Nephrology and Oncohaematology, introduced by Prof. Chimens, moderator of the discussion. In this case, particular emphasis was placed on the new oral formulation, SiderAL®Gocce Forte, which could become an important tool in cases of iron deficiency or reduced iron intake, as well as in cases where doctors are forced to resort to a therapy based on erythropoietin, which must always be accompanied by proper iron supplementation.

SiderAL®: an effective therapeutic tool even in the most sensitive cases

In this context the characteristics of SiderAL®, the only nutritional supplement based on Sucrosomal Iron® were judged by doctors to be far superior to other iron-based products. As evidenced by the numerous scientific publications in this respect, the products in the SiderAL® line have clear advantages, including greater tolerabilitybioavailability and compliance. In particular, in the paediatric field, there is an evident need to resort to non-invasive and practical solutions to be able to properly integrate iron from the first days of life and throughout children’s growth.

Iron is the most important mineral for our body. Indeed, it is the most abundant element in the blood and the main component ofhaemoglobin. Its role is far from trivial: iron is responsible for transporting oxygen to all the cells of the human body. It also supports energy production and immune response, helping to strengthen the body and increasing resistance to stress and disease.

Iron deficiency: a particularly widespread phenomenon

Unfortunately, we do not always manage to get the right amount of iron through our diet. It is no coincidence that sideropenia(scientific term for iron deficiency) is the most common food deficiency in the world.

Supplementing iron deficiency safely and effectively

Unfortunately, it is difficult for our organism to absorb the right amount of iron, either through food or through supplements. In addition, the latter often cause annoying side effects. How, then, can iron be made more tolerable and assimilable? The final solution is calledsucrosomial iron®. A new patented technology, which surrounds iron molecules with a phospholipidic membrane able to protect the body from side effects and, at the same time, to increase the levels of absorption of this precious mineral.

SiderAL®: The right solution for every stage of growth

Thanks to sucrosomial technology®, Junia Pharma has developed a specific solution for every need and age. From the first months of life up to seven years there is SiderAL® Gocce: a liquid formulation, with an excellent taste, that can be taken for prolonged periods of time. In case of severe iron deficiency, Junia Pharma has also recently developed SiderAL® Gocce Forte, with a dosage of Sucrosomial® iron increasing from 7 to 14 mg/ml.
With growth, the need for vitamins also increases, especially in schoolchildren who are always on the move and in need of energy. To meet this need, SiderAL® Bimbi was created, a supplement contained in practical soluble sachets containing Sucrosomial® iron, Vitamin C and Vitamins B12 and B6.
From the age of ten, one moves on to SiderAL® Oro. The innovative formulation in chewable sticks allows children to supplement iron and vitamins at any time of day in a practical and fast way. In the last few months Junia Pharma has also introduced the new version SiderAL® Oro 14 which, thanks to a dosage of Sucrosomial® iron of 14mg per stick, guarantees 100% of the NRV (Daily Nutrients Reference Value).