Holidays are a unique opportunity to live new experiences and enjoy time with our children outside of everyday life. Without organization, however, a trip with children can become a source of stress and anxiety..

The pedagogical function of travel

It is not only parents who need a holiday every now and then, but also for young ones it is important to be able to begin to discover the world. A trip is above all an opportunity to learn: thanks to holidays, children and young people have the opportunity to escape from the routine, face new challenges (whether small or large) and begin to discover the outside world . This translates into the stimulus to face new and unexpected situations without fear and, therefore, into a moment of personal growth. In addition, a holiday is an opportunity for the child to learn how to establish social relationships outside of their inner circle of friends.

A trip with one’s children is also an important moment for mum and dad because, beyond the organizational stress, holidays help create unforgettable memories, which strengthen family ties and can help adults rediscover the world through the eyes and curiosity of children.

Travelling with children: organisation is essential

trip with children is wonderful, but it can be a stressful and tiring moment without proper planning. The keyword is organization.

Whether you have decided to travel by car, train, plane or ship, it is important not to exaggerate with your luggage. When we prepare our suitcases, it seems to us that everything is strictly necessary, but in reality many things can be purchased once arrived. A couple of days’ supply of nappies and wipes, for example, will be enough to allow you to leave in peace and get organised once you arrive. If your children are older, a good solution is to make them responsible for their suitcase. Equip them with a small trolley with wheels that they can prepare themselves under your supervision: children will learn to be more autonomous little by little and you mothers will have one less thought.

Entertainment during the trip: how to avoid boredom and whims

You’ve prepared everything and you’ve finally managed to leave. After five minutes of travel, it is very likely that the children will start to ask how long it is until they arrive or begin to have a tantrum. So you plan to distract themby keeping their favorite game at hand, a coloring album or a CD of songs to sing together. In case your children are still very young, consider the idea of travelling at night: for parents it is certainly more tiring, but they can sleep and you will travel quietly (avoiding the risk of traffic).

With a few tricks you can get to your destination without too much stress, ready to have fun and enjoy your well-deserved trip with the children.

On Monday 25 June, the first refresher conference on paediatric nutrition was held in Milan, organized by Junia Pharma in collaboration with San Paolo Hospital.

The talks, coordinated by Prof. Giuseppe Banderali, Head of Paediatrics at San Paolo Hospital in Milan and member of the board of directors of the Italian Society of Paediatrics (Sip), had as their main focus the nutritional aspects of goats’ milk formula, compared to other types of powdered formulas, whether containing cows’ milk or plant-based.

The conference opened with an interesting study on nutrition and allergy, led by Dr. Federica Betti and Marzia Mandelli part of the San Paolo pediatric team, who addressed the issue of food allergies and highlighted how goats’ milk is a product that, compared to other formulations on the market, is more digestible and tolerable, although it is not to be considered as a substitute in cases of allergy to milk proteins.

The second talk, by Dr. Samuele Palazzo, focused in greater depth on thenutritional aspects and indications for the use of goats’ milk: various studies have shown that goats’ milk is suitable as a source of protein for infant formulas and follow-on formulas, as it contains all the nutrients necessary for the growth of the newborn.

The final talk by Dr. Germano Tarantino, Scientific Director of Junia Pharma, then clarified the characteristics and details associated with use of formulas containing whole goats’ milk Capricare 2 as follow-on milk clearly where the paediatrician considers it necessary for the health of the child or in cases where there are conditions that prevent the continuation of breastfeeding, which as highlighted during the conference, remains always the best solution for both the child and the mother

The meeting aroused considerable interest from paediatric experts, who were already partly familiar with the numerous properties of goats’ milk, but now, thanks to Junia Pharma, exclusive importer for Italy of Capricare 2, for the first time can rely on a product of the highest quality in the field of infant formula milk.

After the success of the meeting in Milan, now the goal of Junia Pharma is to replicate this series of meetings with medical specialists in other areas of Italy.

From weaning onwards, it is important to accustom children to a healthy, balanced and varied diet because the preferences and taste experiences that develop as children can affect the food choices of adult life.

Children’s energy needs

The energy (or calorie) requirement represents the amount of energy derived from food that our body needs in order to compensate for its energy expenditure. Children’s energy needs are very different from that of an adult, as it is affected by different factors:

  • The speed of body growth: we have seen previously talking about the iron deficiency in children that in the first year of life alone the need for minerals and nutrients in the body of a child doubles, due to the rapid increase in weight and body volume. The fastest growth phase lasts until the end of the second year of life.
  • The basal metabolic rate is particularly high: in the first 12 months of life about 85-90% of the caloric intake is used by the body of children to maintain the basal functions and for growth, while only 10-15% is reserved for physical activity.
  • The low efficiency of absorption in the intestine.

Because of these factors, it is clear that, in absolute terms, infants need a higher energy supply than adults.

Healthy eating starts with weaning

Once the weaning phase has started, it is very important to start setting the first rules for good and healthy nutrition. Although the child’s taste experiences start from birth, through the mother’s milk (which transmits the first flavours of food ingested by the mother), it is precisely from weaning onwards that the child’s food preferencesdevelop, the same preferences that will then tend to condition his or her food choices in adult life.
It is therefore essential to get children used to varied and healthy foods as soon as possible, also to avoid the onset of food deficiencies related to basic nutritional elements, such as vitamins, minerals and iron (remember that the sideropenia is the most frequent among the food deficiency disorders in children and should not be underestimated).

The basic nutritional elements for children

So what can not be missing in the meals of our children and young people?

  • Fruit and Vegetables: at least one portion of fruit and/or vegetables should be present at each meal. In addition, fruit is an excellent snack both in the middle of the morning and during the afternoon.
  • Complex carbohydrates: about 50% of the daily calories should come from this type of carbohydrate. A perfect example are the cereals, to be varied often, so not only pasta, but also rice, barley, spelt, oats, buckwheat, couscous.
  • Sugars (or simple carbohydrates): it would be preferable to keep them to a minimum as they are already present naturally in many foods. Cakes and biscuits are good if eaten at breakfast, but home-made ones would be preferable. Instead, avoid packaged snacks, soft drinks, sweets, etc..
  • Proteins: as in the case of carbohydrates, it is important to vary as much as possible, alternating meat, fish, eggs and legumes.
  • Fats: in a balanced diet they cannot be missing, though it is better to choose those of vegetable origin, such as olive oil and dried fruit.

healthy, balanced and varied diet should be composed of about 55-60% carbohydrates30% fats and 10-15% proteins. Although children tend to be repetitive in their choice of food, try to offer them different foods and do not give up at first refusal because tastes change very quickly, a “do not like” today could be the discovery of a new taste tomorrow.